A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part V: Nine new species of the extended opinatus subgroup, based on morphological and DNA sequence data (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Harpagophoridae)

Piyatida Pimvichai, Henrik Enghoff, Somsak Panha, Thierry Backeljau

Abstract


The Thyropygus opinatus subgroup (Diplopoda: Harpagophoridae) of the T. allevatus group in Thailand is revised. Based on a phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA sequence data, it is merged with the T. bifurcus subgroup to form an extended T. opinatus subgroup. Nine new species are described: Thyropygus cimi sp. nov. and T. forceps sp. nov. from Nakhonsrithammarat Province, T. culter sp. nov., T. planispina sp. nov., T. undulatus sp. nov. and T. ursus sp. nov. from Krabi Province, T. mesocristatus sp. nov. from Songkhla Province, T. navychula sp. nov. from Phang-Nga Province and T. sutchariti sp. nov. from Phetchaburi Province.

Keywords


millipedes; DNA barcoding; phylogeny; new species; Thailand

Full Text:

PDF PDF/A


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2016.199

References


Akaike H. 1974. A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 19 (6): 716–723. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TAC.1974.1100705

Darriba D., Taboada G.L., Doallo R. & Posada D. 2012. jModelTest 2: more models, new heuristics and parallel computing. Nature Methods 9 (8): 772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.2109

Demange J.-M. 1961. Matériaux pour servir à une révision des Harpagophoridae (Myriapodes – Diplopodes). Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Sér. A (Zool.) 24: 1–274.

Demange J.-M. 1986. Harpagophoridae de Thaïlande et de Malaisie (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Spirostreptida). Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 4e Sér., 8 Sect. A: 851–865.

Demange J.-M. 1989. Sur quelques Harpagophoridae du Sud-Est asiatique et de l’Inde (Myriapoda, Diplopoda, Spirostreptoidea). Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 4e Sér., 11 Sect. A: 773–781.

Edgar R.C. 2004. MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research 32 (5): 1792–97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh340

Enghoff H. 2005. The millipedes of Thailand (Diplopoda). Steenstrupia 29 (1): 87–103.

Folmer O., Black M., Hoeh W., Lutz R. & Vrijenhoek R. 1994. DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology 3 (5): 294–299.

Gu X., Fu Y.K. & Li W.H. 1995. Maximum likelihood estimation of the heterogeneity of substitution rate among nucleotide sites. Molecular Biology and Evolution 12 (4): 546–557.

Hebert P.D.N., Ratnasingham S. & deWaard J.R. 2003. Barcoding animal life: cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 divergences among closely related species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B (Supplement) 270: S96–S99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2003.0025

Hillis D. & Bull J. 1993. An empirical test of bootstrapping as a method for assessing confidence in phylogenetic analysis. Systematic Biology 42 (2): 182–192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/42.2.182

Hoffman R.L. 1975. Studies on spirostreptoid millipeds. XI. A review of some Indonesian genera of the family Harpagophoridae. Journal of Natural History 9 (2): 121–152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222937500770101

Jeekel C.A.W. 2006. A bibliographic catalogue of the Oriental Harpagophoridae (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida). Myriapod Memoranda 9: 5–58.

Karsch F. 1881. Neue Juliden des Berliner Museums, als Prodromus einer Juliden-Monographie. Zeitschrift für die gesammten Naturwissenschaften 54: 1–79.

Kessing B., Croom H., Martin A., McIntosh C., McMillan W.O. & Palumbi S. 1989. The Simple Fool’s Guide to PCR. University of Hawaii, Department of Zoology, Honolulu, Hawaii: 1–23.

Kumar S. & Nei M. 2000. Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press, New York.

Miller M.A., Pfeiffer W. & Schwartz T. 2010. Creating the CIPRES Science Gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), 14 Nov. 2010, New Orleans, LA: 1–8.

Pimvichai P., Enghoff H. & Panha S. 2009a. A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part 1: the T. opinatus subgroup (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Harpagophoridae). Zootaxa 2016: 17–50.

Pimvichai P., Enghoff H. & Panha S. 2009b. A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part 2: the T. bifurcus subgroup (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Harpagophoridae). Zootaxa 2165: 1–15.

Pimvichai P., Enghoff H. & Panha S. 2011a. A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part 3: the T. induratus subgroup (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Harpagophoridae). Zootaxa 2941: 47–68.

Pimvichai P., Enghoff H. & Panha S. 2011b. A revision of the Thyropygus allevatus group. Part 4: the T. cuisinieri subgroup (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Harpagophoridae). Zootaxa 2980: 37–48.

Pimvichai P., Enghoff H. & Panha S. 2014. Molecular phylogeny of the Thyropygus allevatus group of giant millipedes and some closely related groups. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 170–183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymprev.2013.11.006

Rambaut A., Suchard M.A., Xie W. & Drummond A.J. 2014. Tracer v1.6. Available from http://beast.bio.ed.ac.uk/Tracer accessed 12 Dec. 2015

Spelda J., Hans S. Reip H.S., Oliveira–Biener U. & Melzer R.R. 2011. Barcoding Fauna Bavarica: Myriapoda – a contribution to DNA sequence-based identifications of centipedes and millipedes (Chilopoda, Diplopoda). ZooKeys 156: 123–139. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.156.2176

Stamatakis A. 2014. RAxML Version 8: A tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics 30 (9): 1312–1313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btu033

Tamura K., Stecher G., Peterson D., Filipski A. & Kumar S. 2013. MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis, version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30 (12): 2725–2729. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

Xia X. 2013. DAMBE5: A comprehensive software package for data analysis in molecular biology and evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30 (7): 1720–1728. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst064


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/