Epimeria of the Southern Ocean with notes on their relatives (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Eusiroidea)

Cédric d'Udekem d'Acoz, Marie L. Verheye

Abstract


The present monograph includes general systematic considerations on the family Epimeriidae, a revision of the genus Epimeria Costa in Hope, 1851 in the Southern Ocean, and a shorter account on putatively related eusiroid taxa occurring in Antarctic and sub-Antarctic seas. The former epimeriid genera Actinacanthus Stebbing, 1888 and Paramphithoe Bruzelius, 1859 are transferred to other families, respectively to the Acanthonotozomellidae Coleman & J.L. Barnard, 1991 and the herein re-established Paramphithoidae G.O. Sars, 1883, so that only Epimeria and Uschakoviella Gurjanova, 1955 are retained within the Epimeriidae Boeck, 1871. The genera Apherusa Walker, 1891 and Halirages Boeck, 1891, which are phylogenetically close to Paramphithoe, are also transferred to the Paramphithoidae. The validity of the suborder Senticaudata Lowry & Myers, 2013, which conflicts with traditional and recent concepts of Eusiroidea Stebbing, 1888, is questioned. Eight subgenera are recognized for Antarctic and sub-Antarctic species of the genus Epimeria: Drakepimeria subgen. nov., Epimeriella K.H. Barnard, 1930, Hoplepimeria subgen. nov., Laevepimeria subgen. nov., Metepimeria Schellenberg, 1931, Pseudepimeria Chevreux, 1912, Subepimeria Bellan-Santini, 1972 and Urepimeria subgen. nov. The type subgenus Epimeria, as currently defined, does not occur in the Southern Ocean. Drakepimeria species are superficially similar to the type species of the genus Epimeria: E. cornigera (Fabricius, 1779), but they are phylogenetically unrelated and substantial morphological differences are obvious at a finer level. Twenty-seven new Antarctic Epimeria species are described herein: Epimeria (Drakepimeria) acanthochelon subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) anguloce subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) colemani subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) corbariae subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) cyrano subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) havermansiana subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) leukhoplites subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) loerzae subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) pandora subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) pyrodrakon subgen. et sp. nov., E. (D.) robertiana subgen. et sp. nov., Epimeria (Epimeriella) atalanta sp. nov., Epimeria (Hoplepimeria) cyphorachis subgen. et sp. nov., E. (H.) gargantua subgen. et sp. nov., E. (H.) linseae subgen. et sp. nov., E. (H.) quasimodo subgen. et sp. nov., E. (H.) xesta subgen. et sp. nov., Epimeria (Laevepimeria) anodon subgen. et sp. nov., E. (L.) cinderella subgen. et sp. nov., Epimeria (Pseudepimeria) amoenitas sp. nov., E. (P.) callista sp. nov., E. (P.) debroyeri sp. nov., E. (P.) kharieis sp. nov., Epimeria (Subepimeria) adeliae sp. nov., E. (S.) iota sp. nov., E. (S.) teres sp. nov. and E. (S.) urvillei sp. nov. The type specimens of E. (D.) macrodonta Walker, 1906, E. (D.) similis Chevreux, 1912, E. (H.) georgiana Schellenberg, 1931 and E. (H.) inermis Walker, 1903 are re-described and illustrated. Besides the monographic treatment of Epimeriidae from the Southern Ocean, a brief overview and identification keys are given for their putative and potential relatives from the same ocean, i.e., the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic members of the following eusiroid families: Acanthonotozomellidae Coleman & J.L. Barnard, 1991, Dikwidae Coleman & J.L. Barnard, 1991, Stilipedidae Holmes, 1908 and Vicmusiidae Just, 1990. This overview revealed the existence of a new large and characteristic species of Alexandrella Chevreux, 1911, A. chione sp. nov. but also shows that the taxonomy of that genus remains poorly known and that several ‘variable widespread eurybathic species’ probably are species complexes. Furthermore, the genera Bathypanoploea Schellenberg, 1939 and Astyroides Birstein & Vinogradova, 1960 are considered to be junior synonyms of Alexandrella. Alexandrella mixta Nicholls, 1938 and A. pulchra Ren in Ren & Huang, 1991 are re-established herein, as valid species. It is pointed out that this insufficient taxonomic knowledge of Antarctic amphipods impedes ecological and biogeographical studies requiring precise identifications. Stacking photography was used for the first time to provide iconographic support in amphipod taxonomy, and proves to be a rapid and efficient illustration method for large tridimensionally geometric species. A combined morphological and molecular approach was used whenever possible for distinguishing Epimeria species, which were often very similar (albeit never truly cryptic) and sometimes exhibited allometric and individual variations. However in several cases, taxa were characterized by morphology only, whenever the specimens available for study were inappropriately fixed or when no sequences could be obtained. A large number of Epimeria species, formerly considered as eurybathic and widely distributed, proved to be complexes of species, with a narrower (overlapping or not) distribution. The distributional range of Antarctic Epimeria is very variable from species to species. Current knowledge indicates that some species from the Scotia Arc and the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula are narrow range endemics, sometimes confined to one island, archipelago, or ridge (South Georgia, South Orkney Islands, Elephant Island or Bruce Ridge); other species have a distribution encompassing a broader region, such as the eastern shelf of the Weddell Sea, or extending from the eastern shelf of the Weddell Sea to Adélie Coast. The most widely distributed species are E. (D.) colemani subgen. et sp. nov., E. (E.) macronyx (Walker, 1906), E. (H.) inermis Walker, 1903 and E. (L.) walkeri (K.H. Barnard, 1930), which have been recorded from the Antarctic Peninsula/South Shetland Islands area to the western Ross Sea. Since restricted distributions are common among Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Epimeria, additional new species might be expected in areas such as the Kerguelen Plateau, eastern Ross Sea, Amundsen Sea and the Bellingshausen Sea or isolated seamounts and ridges, where there are currently no Epimeria recorded. The limited distribution of many Epimeria species of the Southern Ocean is presumably related to the poor dispersal capacity in most species of the genus. Indeed with the exception of the pelagic and semi-pelagic species of the subgenus Epimeriella, they are heavy strictly benthic organisms without larval stages, and they have no exceptional level of eurybathy for Antarctic amphipods. Therefore, stretches deeper than 1000 m seem to be efficient geographical barriers for many Epimeria species, but other isolating factors (e.g., large stretches poor in epifauna) might also be at play. The existence of endemic shelf species with limited dispersal capacities in the Southern Ocean (like many Epimeria) suggests the existence of multiple ice-free shelf or upper slope refugia during the Pleistocene glaciations within the distributional and bathymetric range of these species. Genera with narrow range endemics like Epimeria would be excellent model taxa for locating hotspots of Antarctic endemism, and thus potentially play a role in proposing meaningful Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the Southern Ocean.

Keywords


Alexandrella; Amphipoda; Epimeria; Eusiroidea; Senticaudata; Southern Ocean

Full Text:

PDF PDF/A


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.359

References


Aghmich A., Taboada S., Toll L. & Ballesteros M. 2016. First assessment of the rocky intertidal communities of Fildes Bay, King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Polar Biology 39: 189–198. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1814-9

Allcock A.L., Barratt I., Eléaume M., Linse K., Norman M.D., Smith P.J., Steinke D., Stevens D.W. & Strugnell J.M. 2011. Cryptic speciation and the circumpolarity debate: a case study on endemic Southern Ocean octopuses using the COI barcode of life. Deep Sea Research Part II: Tropical Studies in Oceanography 58: 242–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.05.016

Allcock A.L. & Strugnell J.M. 2012. Southern Ocean diversity: new paradigms from molecular ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27: 520–528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2012.05.009

Anderson J.B., Shipp S.S., Lowe A.L., Wellner J.S. & Mosola A.B. 2002. The Antarctic ice sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum and its subsequent retreat history : a review. Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (1–3): 49–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00083-X

Andres H.G. 1985. Die Gammaridea (Crustacea: Amphipoda) der Deutschen Antarktis-Expeditionen 1975/76 und 1977/78. 4. Acanthonotozomatidae, Paramphithoidae und Stegocephalidae. Mitteilungen aus den Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 82: 119–153.

Andres H.G. 1997. First record of the taxon Astyra Boeck, 1871 from Antarctica (Crustacea, Gammaridea). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 94: 81–89.

Andres H.G. & Lott N. 1986. Where to place Eclysis similis K.H. Barnard, 1932? Hints at its relationships and remarks on the systematic position of the Astyridae (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Mitteilungen aus den Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 83: 131–137.

Arntz W.E. & Brey T. (eds) 2001. The expedition ANTARKTIS XVII/3 (EASIZ III) of RV “Polarstern” in 2000. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 402: 1–181. hdl:10013/epic.10407. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26581/1/BerPolarforsch2001402.pdf [accessed 11 Oct. 2016].

Arntz W.E. & Brey T. (eds) 2003. Expedition ANTARKTIS XIX/5 (LAMPOS) of RV “Polarstern” in 2002. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 462: 1–120. hdl:10013/epic.10467.d001. Available from https://epic.awi.de/26641/1/BerPolarforsch2003462.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Arntz W.E. & Brey T. (eds) 2005. The expedition ANTARKTIS XXI/2 (BENDEX) of RV “Polarstern” in 2003/2004. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 503: 1–149. hdl:10013/epic.22180.d001. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26169/1/Arn2005a.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Arntz W.E., Ernst W. & Hempel I. (eds) 1990. The Expedition ANTARKTIS VII/4 (EPOS leg 3) and VII/5 of RV “Polarstern” in 1989. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 68: 1–214. hdl:10013/epic.10068. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26245/1/BerPolarforsch199068.pdf [accessed 19 Oct. 2016].

Arntz W.E. & Gutt J. (eds) 1997. The Expedition ANTARKTIS XIII/3 (EASIZ I) of “Polarstern” to the eastern Weddell Sea in 1996. Berichte zur Polarforschungen 249: 1–148. hdl:10013/epic.10252.d001. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26429/1/BerPolarforsch1997249.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Arntz W.E. & Gutt J. (eds) 1999. The Expedition ANTARKTIS XV/3 (EASIZ II) of RV “Polarstern” in 1998. Berichte zur Polarforschungen 301: 1–229. hdl:10013/epic.10304.d001. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26481/1/BerPolarforsch1999301.pdf [accessed 11 Oct. 2016].

Baird H.P., Miller K.J. & Stark J.S. 2011. Evidence of hidden biodiversity, ongoing speciation and diverse patterns of genetic structure in giant Antarctic amphipods. Molecular Ecology 20: 3439–3454. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05173.x

Barnard J.L. 1958. Index to the families, genera and species of the gammaridean Amphipoda (Crustacea). Allan Hancock Foundation Publications, Occasional Paper 19: 1–145. Available from http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/18014 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Barnard J.L. 1961. Gammaridean Amphipoda. Galathea Report 5: 23–128. Available from http://www.zmuc.dk/inverweb/Galathea/Pdf_filer/Volume_05/galathea-vol.05-pp_023-128.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Barnard J.L. 1969. The families and genera of marine gammaridean Amphipoda. United States National Museum Bulletin 271: i–vi, 1–535. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32379802 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Barnard J.L. & Drummond M.M. 1978. Gammaridean Amphipoda of Australia, part III: the Phoxocephalidae. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 245: i–­viii, 1–551. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.103

Barnard J.L. & Karaman G.S. 1984. Australia as a major evolutionary centre for Amphipoda (Crustacea). Australian Museum Memoir 18: 45–61. Available from: http://australianmuseum.net.au/uploads/journals/17624/371_complete.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Barnard J.L. & Karaman G.S. 1991. The families and genera of marine gammaridean Amphipoda (except gammaroids). Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 13, Parts 1 and 2: 1–866. Part 1: https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0812-7387.13.1991.91 and part 2: https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0812-7387.13.1991.367

Barnard K.H. 1930. Crustacea. Part XI. Amphipoda. British Antarctic (“Terra Nova”) Expedition, 1910. Natural History Report, Zoology 8 (4): 307–454. Available from http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/195187#page/7/mode/1up [accessed 12 Sep. 2017].

Barnard K.H. 1931. Diagnosis of new genera and species of amphipod Crustacea collected during the ‘Discovery’ Investigations, 1925–1927. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 10 7 (40): 425–430. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933108673327

Barnard K.H. 1932. Amphipoda. Discovery Report 5: 1–326, pl. 1. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5607801 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Barnes D. 2007. A guide to Antarctic nearshore marine life. 2nd edition: 1–20, pls 1–20. British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge.

Basher B. & Costello M.J. 2014. Chapter 5.22. Shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda). In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C., et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 190–194. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.

Bathmann U. (ed.) 2010. The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” to the Antarctic in 2007/2008 (ANT-XXIV/2). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 604: 1–200. Available from http://epic.awi.de/29172/1/Bat2010a.pdf [accessed 19 Oct. 2016].

Beerman J. & Raupach J.D. 2015. Hidden gems — an overloked Epimeria species from European waters. In: Costa F.O. & Cunha M.R. (coord.). 16th International Colloquium on Amphipoda: book of abstracts: 64. UA Editora, Aveiro.

Bellan-Santini D. 1972. Invertébrés marins des XIIème et XVème Expéditions Antarctiques Françaises en Terre Adélie. 10. Amphipodes Gammariens. Téthys, Supplément 4: 157–238.

Bellan-Santini D. & Ledoyer M. 1987. Gammariens (Crustacea, Amphipoda) des îles Marion et Prince Edward. Campagne MD 08 du MS «Marion Dufresne» en 1976. Bolletino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona 13 (for 1986): 349–435.

Berge J. 2003a. The taxonomy of the amphipod genus Stilipes (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Stilipedidae), with the description of one new species. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 3 (4): 305. https://doi.org/10.1078/1439-6092-00086

Berge J. 2003b. The taxonomy of the amphipod genus Stilipes (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Stilipedidae), with the description of one new species. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 3, Electronic Supplement 16: 1–10. Available from http://www.senckenberg.de/odes/03-16.htm [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Berge J. & Vader W. 2005a. The amphipod genus Alexandrella (Amphipoda, Stilipedidae): taxonomic status, allometric growth and description of two new species. Journal of Natural History 39 (17): 1327–1346. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930400015566

Berge J. & Vader W. 2005b. On the taxonomic status of the Antarctic amphipod crustacean genera Eclysis (Astyridae) and Bathypanoploea (Stilipedidae), with partial redescription of their type species and description of Bathypanoploea polarsterni n. sp. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 5: 81–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2004.05.002

Berge J. & Vader W. 2005c. On the taxonomic status of the Antarctic amphipod crustacean genera Eclysis (Astyridae) and Bathypanoploea (Stilipedidae), with partial redescription of their type species and description of Bathypanoploea polarsterni n. sp. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 5, Electronic Supplement 3: 1–15. Available from http://www.senckenberg.de/odes/05-03.htm [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Birstein Y.A. & Vinogradov M.E. 1955. Pelagicheskie gammaridy (Amphipoda, Gammaridea) Kurilo-Kamchatskoi Vpadiny. [Pelagic gammaridea (Amphipoda, Gammaridea) at the Kourilo-Kamtchatka Trench]. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Akademija Nauk SSSR 12: 210–287. [in Russian]

Birstein Y.A. & Vinogradov M.E. 1958. Pelagicheskie gammaridy (Amphipoda, Gammaridea) severo-zapadnoi chasti Tikhogo Okeana. [Pelagic Gammaridea from the northwestern Pacific Ocean]. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Akademija Nauk SSSR 27: 219–257. [in Russian]

Birstein Y.A. & Vinogradova N.G. 1960. Pelagicheskie gammaridy tropischeskoi chasti Ticogo Okeana [Bottom ultra-abyssal Gammaridea of the north-western part of the Pacific ocean. I. Families Liljeborgiidae, Astyridae, Lepechinellidae, Gammaridae]. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Akademija Nauk SSSR 34: 147–164. [in Russian]

Bloch D. 1788. Über zwey merkwürdigen Fischarten. Abhandlungen der Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften 3 (for 1787): 278–282. Available from http://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/de/fs1/object/display/bsb10500873_00326.html [accessed 30 Sep. 2016].

Bloch M.E. 1797. Ichtyologie ou histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des poissons. Avec des figures enluminées, dessinées d’après nature. Part 12: i–ii, 1–142, 36 pls 397–432. Chez l’auteur, Berlin; dans le musée de Mr. Beygang, Leipzic. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.95488

Boeck A. 1861. Bemærkninger angaaende de ved de Norske kyster forekommende amphipoder. Forhandlinger ved de Skandinaviske Naturforskeres ottende møde [8th meeting]: 631–677.

Boeck A. 1869. Observations on the Amphipoda occuring on the Norwegian coasts. Annals and Magazine of Natural History ser. 4 3 (17): 325–340; 3 (18): 401–419. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24740687 [accessed 13 Oct. 2016].

Boeck A. 1871. Crustacea Amphipoda borealia et arctica. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiana for 1870: 83–280. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2056

Boeck A. 1876. De skandinaviske og arktiske amphipoder. Vol. 2: 161–712, pls 8–31. A.W. Brøgger, Christiania. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.10131

Bousfield E.L. 1979. A revised classification and phylogeny of amphipod crustaceans. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, Series 4 16: 343–390.

Bousfield E.L. 1982. Amphipoda. In: Parker S.P. (ed.) Synopsis and classification of living organisms. Volume 2: 254–294. McGeaw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bousfield E.L. & Hendrycks E.A. 1995. The amphipod superfamily Eusiroidea in the North American Pacific Region. 1. Family Eusiridae: systematics and distributional ecology. Amphipacifica 1 (4): 3–59.

Bousfield E.L. & Shih C.-I. 1994. The phyletic classification of amphipod crustaceans: problems in resolution. Amphipacifica 1 (3): 76–134.

Brad T., Fišer C., Flot J.-F. & Sarbu S.M. 2015. Niphargus dancaui sp. nov. (Amphipoda, Niphargidae) – a new species thriving in sulfidic groundwaters in southeastern Romania. European Journal of Taxonomy 164: 1–28. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2015.164

Branch M.L., Griffths C.L., Kensley B. & Sieg J. 1991. The benthic Crustacea of subantarctic Marion and Prince Edward Islands: Illustrated keys to the species and results of the 1982–1989 University of Cape Town surveys. South African Journal of Antarctic Research 21 (1): 3–44. Available from https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/10959 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Brandt A. 1991. Zur Besiedlungsgeschichte des antarktischen Schelfes am Beispiel der Isopoda (Crustacea, Malacostraca). Berichte zur Polarforschung 98: 1–240. hdl:10013/epic.10098. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26275/1/BerPolarforsch199198.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Brandt A. 2000. Hypothese on Southern ocean peracarid evolution and radiation (Crustacea, Malacostraca). Antarctic Science 12 (3): 269–275. https://doi.org/10.1017/S095410200000033X

Brecko J., Mathys A., Dekoninck W., De Ceukelaire M., VandenSpiegel D. & Semal P. 2016. Revealing invisible beauty, ultra detailed: the influence of low cost UV exposure on natural history specimens in 2D+ digitization. PLoS ONE 11 (8): e0161572. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161572

Brecko J., Mathys A., Dekoninck W., Leponce M., VandenSpiegel D. & Semal P. 2014. Focus stacking: Comparing commercial top-end set-ups with semi-automatic low budget approach. A possible solution for mass digitization of type specimens. Zookeys 464: 1–23. https://doi.org:10.3897/zookeys.464.8615

Brey T., Dahm C., Gorny M., Klages M., Stiller M. & Arntz W.E. 1996. Do Antarctic benthic invertebrates show an extended level of eurybathy? Antarctic Science 8 (1): 3–6. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102096000028

Bruzelius R.M. 1859. Bidrag till kännedomen om Skandinaviens Amphipoda Gammaridea. Konglinga Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Ny Fjold [new series] 3 (1): 1–104, pls 1–4. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6480

Buchholz R. 1874. Crustaceen. Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt in den Jahren 1869 und 1870 unter Führung des Kapitän Karl Koldewey. Zweiter Band. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse: 262–399, pls 1–15. F.A. Brockhaus, Leipzig. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.13241

Bushueva I.V. 1978. New species of Acanthonotozomella from the Davis Sea (East Antarctica). Zoologicheskij Zhurnal 57 (3): 450–453. [in Russian]

Butcher B.A., Smith M.A., Sharkey M.J. & Quicke D.L.J. 2012. A turbo-taxonomic study of Thai Aleiodes (Aleiodes) and Aleiodes (Arcaleiodes) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rogadinae) based largely on COI barcoded specimens, with rapid descriptions of 179 new species. Zootaxa 3457: 1–232.

Carus J.V. 1885. Prodromus faunae Mediterraneae sive descriptio animalium maris Mediterranei incolarum quam comparata silva rerum quatenus innotuit adiectis locis et nominibus vulgaribus eorumque autoribus in commodum zoologorum. Vol. I. Coelenterata, Echinodermata, Vermes, Arthropoda. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11523

Cavalieri D.J. & Parkinson C.L. 2008. Antarctic sea ice variability and trends, 1979–2006. Journal of Geophysical Research 113: C07004. https://doi.org/doi:10.1029/2007JC004564

Chapelle G. 2002. Antarctic and Baikal Amphipods: a key for understanding polar gigantism. Dissertation présentée pour l’obtention du grade de docteur en Sciences: 1–162. Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique. Université Catholique de Louvain — Faculté des Sciences, Louvain-la-Neuve. Available from http://www.vliz.be/en/imis?module=ref&refid=229442 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Chapelle G. & Peck L.S. 1999. Polar gigantism dictated by oxygen availability. Nature 399: 114–115. https://doi.org/10.1038/20099

Chevreux E. 1900. Amphipodes provenant des campagnes de l’Hirondelle. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques du Prince de Monaco 16. Imprimerie de Monaco, Monaco. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2169

Chevreux E. 1911. Sur les amphipodes des Expéditions Antarctiques Françaises. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris 153: 1166–1168. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7184704 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Chevreux E. 1912. Deuxième expédition dans l’Antarctique, dirigée par le Dr. Charcot. 1908–1910. Diagnoses d’amphipodes nouveaux. Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris 18 (4): 208–218 (1–12 on reprints). http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34142291 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Chevreux E. 1913. Amphipodes. In: Deuxième Expédition Antarctique Française (1908–1910) commandée par le Dr. Jean Charcot, Sciences Naturelles: Documents Scientifiques: 79–186. Masson et Cie Editeurs, Paris. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6956

Chevreux E. & Fage L. 1925. Amphipodes. Faune de France 9: 1–488. Paul Lechevalier, Paris. Available from http://faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/CHEVREUX&FAGE(FdeFr09)Amphipodes.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Chilton C. 1912. The Amphipoda of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 48 (3): 455–520, pls 1–2. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41769498 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Coleman C.O. 1988. Verbreitung und Biologie bentischer Amphipoden. In: Fütterer D.K. (ed.). Die Expedition ANTARKTIS-VI mit FS “Polarstern” 1987/1988. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 58: 51–52. hdl:10013/epic.10058.d001 Available from http://epic.awi.de/26235/1/BerPolarforsch198858.pdf [accessed 21 Oct. 2016].

Coleman C.O. 1989a. On the nutrition of two Antarctic Acanthonotozomatidae (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Polar Biology 9 (5): 287–294. https://doi.org/doi:10.1007/BF00287425

Coleman C.O. 1989b. Gnathiphimedia mandibularis K.H. Barnard, 1930, an Antarctic amphipod (Acanthonotozomatidae, Crustacea) feeding on Bryozoa. Antarctic Science 1 (4): 343–344. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102089000519

Coleman C.O. 1990a. Two new Antarctic species of the genus Epimeria (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Paramphithoidae), with description of juveniles. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 20 (2): 151–178. https://doi.org/10.1080/03036758.1990.10426723

Coleman C.O. 1990b. Bathypanoploea schellenbergi Holman & Watling, 1983, an Antarctic amphipod (Crustacea) feeding on Holothuroidea. Ophelia 31 (3): 197–205. https://doi.org/10.1080/00785326.1990.10430862

Coleman C.O. 1991. Comparative fore-gut morphology of Antarctic Amphipoda (Crustacea) adapted to different food sources. Hydrobiologia 223: 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00047623

Coleman C.O. 1992. Foregut morphology of Amphipoda (Crustacea). An example of its relevance for systematics. Ophelia 36 (2): 135–150. https://doi.org/10.1080/00785326.1992.10430364

Coleman C.O. 1994. A new Epimeria species (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Epimeriidae) and redescriptions of three other species in the genus from the Antarctic Ocean. Journal of Natural History 28 (3): 555–576. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939400770251

Coleman C.O. 1998a. Epimeria heldi, a new species of Amphipoda (Crustacea, Epimeriidae) from the Antarctic Ocean. Beaufortia 48 (2): 17–25. Available from http://repository.naturalis.nl/document/548344 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Coleman C.O. 1998b. Epimeria vaderi, a new species (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Epimeriidae) from the Antarctic Ocean. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 74 (2): 215–224. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnz.19980740205

Coleman C.O. 2007. Synopsis of the Amphipoda of the Southern Ocean. Volume 2: Acanthonotozomellidae, Amathillopsidae, Dikwidae, Epimeriidae, Iphimediidae, Ochlesidae and Vicmusiidae. Bullelin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie / Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Biologie 77, supplement 2: 1–134.

Coleman C.O. 2015. Taxonomy in times of the taxonomic impediment — Examples from the community of expert on amphipod crustaceans. Journal of Crustacean Biology 35 (6): 729–740. https://doi.org/10.1163/1937240X-00002381

Coleman C.O. & Barnard J.L. 1991a. Revision of Iphimediidae and similar families (Amphipoda: Gammaridea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 104 (2): 253–268. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34808945 [accessed 21 Sep. 2016].

Coleman C.O. & Barnard J.L. 1991b. Amatiguakius forsbergi, a new genus and species from Alaska (marine Amphipoda: Epimeriidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 104 (2): 279–287. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34808971 [accessed 21 Sep. 2016].

Coleman C.O. & Jäger I. 2001. Acanthonotozomella rauscherti (Amphipoda, Acanthonotozomellidae), a new species from the Antarctic Ocean. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (2): 475–483. https://doi.org/10.1163/20021975-99990149

Constable A., Costa D., Murphy E., Hofmann E., Schofield O., Press A., Johnston N.M. & Newman L. 2014. Chapter 9.3. Assessing status and change in Southern ocean ecosystems. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 404–407. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.

Costa A. 1857. Ricerche sui crostacei amfipodi del regno di Napoli. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze, Napoli 1: 165–235, pls 1–4. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2070

Costa A. 1867. Saggio della collezione de Crostacei del Mediterraneo. Annuario del Museo Zoologico della Università di Napoli Anno IV (1864): 38–46. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11823452 [accessed 13 Oct. 2016].

Curtis J. 1824. British entomology, being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland; containing coloured figures from nature of the most rare and beautiful species, and in many instances of the plants upon which they are found. Vol. 1: plates 19–22. London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.8148

Cuvier G. 1797 [An VI]. Tableau élémentaire de l’histoire naturelle des animaux. Imprimeur du corps législatif et de l’Institut national, Paris. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11203

Cuvier G. 1800 [An VIII]. Leçons d’anatomie comparée. Tome 1. Contenant les organes du mouvement. Baudouin, imprimeur de l’Institut national des Sciences et des arts, Paris. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.49450

Dana J.D. 1852. On the classification of the Crustacea Choristopoda or Tetradecapoda. The American Journal of Science and Arts ser. 2 14 (41): 297–316. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28136775 [accessed 11 Oct. 2016].

Dauby P., Nyssen F., De Broyer C. 2003. Amphipods as food sources for higher trophic levels in the Southern Ocean: a synthesis. In: Huiskes A.H.L., Gieskes W.W.C., Rozema J., Schorno R.M.L., van der Vies S.M. & Wolff W.J. (eds) Antarctic biology in a global context: 129–134. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

Dauby P., Scailteur Y. & De Broyer C. 2001a. Trophic diversity within the eastern Weddell Sea amphipod community. Hydrobiologia 443: 69–86. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1017596120422

Dauby P., Scailteur Y., Chapelle G. & De Broyer C. 2001b. Potential impact of the main benthic amphipods on the eastern Weddell Sea shelf ecosystem (Antarctica). Polar Biology 24 (9): 657–662. https://doi.org/10.1007/s003000100265

De Broyer C. 1983. Recherches sur la systématique et l’évolution des crustacés amphipodes gammarides antarctiques et subantarctiques. Phd thesis: 1–468, pls 1–123. Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.

De Broyer C. & Jażdżewska A. 2014. Chapter 5.17. Biogeographic patterns of Southern Ocean benthic amphipods. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds)Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 155–165. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge. Available from http://share.biodiversity.aq/Atlas/PDFS/Atlas_Chap.5.17-De-Broyer_&_Jazdzewska_2014.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

De Broyer C., Jażdżewski K. & Dauby P. 2003. Chapter 32. Biodiversity patterns in the Southern Ocean: lessons from Crustacea. In: Huiskes A.H.L., Gieskes W.W.C., Rozema J., Schorno R.M.L., van der Vies S.M. & Wolff W.J. (eds) Antarctic biology in a global context: 201–214. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

De Broyer C. & Klages M. 1991. A new Epimeria (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Paramphithoidae) from the Weddell Sea. Antarctic Science 3 (2): 159–166. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102091000196

De Broyer C. & Koubbi P. 2014. Chapter 1.1. The biogeography of the Southern Ocean. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, pp. 2–9. Available from http://share.biodiversity.aq/Atlas/example_BASO_web.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C., Van De Putte A., Danis B., David B., Grant S., Gutt J., Held C., Hosie G., Huettmann F., Post A., Ropert-Coudert Y. (ed.) 2014. Biogeographic atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, xii pp., 498 pp.

De Broyer C., Lowry J.K., Jażdżewski K. & Robert H. 2007. Catalogue of the Gammaridean and Corophiidean Amphipoda (Crustacea) of the Southern Ocean with distribution and ecological data. Synopses of the Amphipoda of the Southern Ocean 1: 1–325. Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels. Available from www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourceget&id=10098 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

De Broyer C., Scailteur Y., Chapelle G. & Rauschert M. 2001. Diversity of epibenthic habitats of gammaridean amphipods in the eastern Weddell Sea. Polar Biology 24: 744–753. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-59419-9_8

Dell R.K. 1972. Antarctic benthos. Advances in Marine Biology 10: 1–216. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2881(08)60416-2

Della Valle A. 1893. Gammarini del Golfo di Napoli. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte 20: 1–948, pls 1–61. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.3710

Dömel J.S., Convey P. & Leese F. 2015. Genetic data support independent glacial refugia and open ocean barriers to dispersal for the Southern Ocean sea spider Austropallene cornigera (Möbius, 1902). Journal of Crustacean Biology 35 (4): 480–490. https://doi.org/10.1163/1937240X-00002351

Douglass L., Beaver D., Raymond B., Constable A.J., Brandt A., Post A.L., Kaiser S., Grantham H.S. & Nicoll R.A. 2014. Chapter 10.1. Benthic regional classification. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 414–417. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.

d’Udekem d’Acoz C. 2008. Shelf and abyssal Liljeborgia Bate, 1861 of the Southern Ocean (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Liljeborgiidae). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie / Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Biologie 78: 45–286.

d’Udekem d’Acoz C. 2009. New records of Liljeborgia from Antarctic and sub-antarctic seas, with the description of two new species (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Liljeborgiidae). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie / Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Biologie 79: 243–304.

d’Udekem d’Acoz C. 2010. Contribution to the knowledge of European Liljeborgiidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda), with considerations on the family and its affinities. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie / Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Biologie 80: 127–259.

d’Udekem d’Acoz C. 2012. On the genus Halirages (Crustacea, Amphipoda), with the description of two new species from Scandinavia and Arctic Europe. European Journal of Taxonomy 7: 1–32. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.7

d’Udekem d’Acoz C. & Robert H. 2008. Systematic and ecological diversity of amphipods. In: Gutt J. (ed.) The Expedition ANTARKTIS-XXIII/8 of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” in 2006/2007. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 569: 48–56. hdl:10013/epic.28679. Available from https://epic.awi.de/27492/1/Gut2008b.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

d’Udekem d’Acoz C. & Verheye M. 2013. Taxocoenoses of amphipod crustaceans. In: Gutt J. (ed.) The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” to the Antarctic in 2013 (ANT-XXIX/3). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 665: 57–67. hdl:10013/epic.41835. Available from https://epic.awi.de/33372/8/BzPM_0665_2013_ANT_XXIX_3.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Duncan P.M. & Sladen W.P. 1882. A description of the fossil Echinoidea of western Sind. The fossil Echinoidea from the Ranikot series of nummulitic strata in western Sind. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologica Indica, Series 14 Vol. 1 3 (2): 21–100, pls 5–20.

Fabricius J.C. 1775. Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum, classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descripionibus, observationibus. In officina libraria Kortii, Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.36510

Fabricius J.C. 1779. Reise nach Norwegen mit Bemerkungen aus der Naturhistorie und Oekonomie. Carl Ernst Bohn, Hamburg. Available from: https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=QY8BAAAAYAAJ&rdid=book-QY8BAAAAYAAJ&rdot=1 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Faulskanger H.K. 2008. English – Quenya: 1–93. Available from http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/wordlists.htm [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Fütterer D.K. (ed.) 1988. Die Expedition ANTARKTIS-VI mit FS “Polarstern” 1987/1988. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 58: 1–267. hdl:10013/epic.10058.d001. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26235/1/BerPolarforsch198858.pdf [accessed 21 Oct. 2016].

Gerdes D., Klages M., Arntz W.E., Herman R.L., Galéron J. & Hain S. 1992. Quantitative investigations on macrobenthos communities of the southeastern Weddell Sea shelf based on multibox corer samples. Polar Biology 12: 291–301. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-77595-6_34

Gerstaecker A. & Ortmann A.E. 1901. Die Klassen und Ordnungen der Arthropoden wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Fünfter Band. II Abtheilung. Crustacea. (Zweite Hälfte: Malacostraca). C.F. Winter’sche Verlagshandlung, Leipzig. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.9999

Goës A. 1866. Crustacea Amphipoda maris Spetsbergiam alluentis, cum speciebus aliis arcticis enumerat. Öfversigt af Kongelige Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 8 (for 1865): 517–536, pls 36–41. Available from http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/277925.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Goldfuss G.A. 1809. Vergleichende Naturbeschreibung der Säugethiere. Im Verlage der Waltherschen Kunst- und Buchhandlung, Erlangen. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.102742

González-Wevar C.A., Saucède T., Morley S.A., Chown S.L. & Poulin E. 2013. Extinction and recolonization of maritime Antarctica in the limpet Nacella concinna (Strebel, 1908) during the last glacial cycle: toward a model of Quaternary biogeography in shallow Antarctic invertebrates. Molecular Ecology 22: 5221–5236. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12465

Gosse P.H. 1855. A manual of marine zoology for the British Isles. Part I. John Van Voorst, Paternoster Row, London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.3987

Grant S.M., Koubbi P. & Penhale P.A. 2014. Chapter 9.4. Conservation and management. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 408–411. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.

Gray J.E. 1830–1835. Illustrations of Indian Zoology; chiefly selected from the collection of Major-general Hardwicke, F.R.S. Volume 1: 100 pls. Treutel, Wurtz, Jun. & Richter, London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.95127

Griffiths C.L. 1974. The Amphipoda of Southern Africa. Part 4. The Gammaridea and Caprellidea of the Cape Province east of Cape Agulhas. Annals of the South African Museum / Annale van die Suid-Afrikaanse Museum 65 (9): 251–336. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40928457 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Griffiths C. 1977. The South African Museum’s Meiring Naude cruises. part 6. Amphipoda. Annals of the South African Museum Museum / Annale van die Suid-Afrikaanse Museum 74 (4): 105­–123. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41212899 [accessed 13 Oct. 2016].

Griffiths H.J., Barnes D.K.A. & Linse K. 2009. Towards a generalized biogeography of the Southern Ocean benthos. Journal of Biogeography 36: 162–177. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.01979.x

Griffiths H.J., Whittle R.J., Roberts S.J., Belcjhier S.J., Linse K. & Thatje S. 2014. Chapter 5.21. Decapoda: crabs & lobsters. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 185–189. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.

Gurjanova E.F. 1951. Amphipods of the seas of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent waters (Amphipoda — Gammaridea). Fauna of USSR 41. Publications of the Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow [in Russian].

Gurjanova E.F. 1955. New species of gammarideans (Amphipoda, Gammaridea) from the northern part of the Pacific Ocean. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Leningrad 18: 166–218 [in Russian].

Gurjanova E.F. 1972. Some new species of amphipods (Amphipoda, Gammaridea) from the North-Western part of Pacific and High Arctic. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Leningrad 52: 129–200 [in Russian].

Gutt J. (ed.) 2008. The Expedition ANTARKTIS-XXIII/8 of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” in 2006/2007. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 569: 1–152. hdl:10013/epic.28679.d001. Available from http://epic.awi.de/27492/1/Gut2008b.pdf [accessed 19 Oct. 2016].

Gutt J. (ed.) 2013. The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” to the Antarctic in 2013 (ANT-XXIX/3). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 665: 1–154. https://epic.awi.de/33372/8/BzPM_0665_2013_ANT_XXIX_3.pdf [accessed 20 Oct. 2016].

Gutt J., Alvaro M.C., Barco A., Böhmer A., Bracker A., David B., De Ridder C., Dorschel B., Eléaume M., Janussen D., Kersken D., López-González P.J., Martínez-Baraldés I., Schröder M., Segelken A. & Teixidó N. 2016. Macroepibenthic communities at the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, an ecological survey at different spatial scales. Polar Biology 39: 829–849. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1797-6

Gutt J., Bohlmann H., Dimmler W., Kohlberg G., Langner S. & Seiler J. 2008. Megabenthic community ecology — Life under ice-shelves. In: Gutt J. (ed.), The Expedition ANTARKTIS-XXIII/8 of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” in 2006/2007. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 569: 27–30. hdl:10013/epic.28679. Available from https://epic.awi.de/27492/1/Gut2008b.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Gutt J., Barratt I., Domack E., d’Udekem d’Acoz C., Dimmler W., Grémare A., Heilmayer O., Isla E., Janussen D., Jorgensen E., Kock K.-H., Lehnert L.S., López-González P., Langner S., Linse K., Manjón-Cabeza M.E., Meißner M., Montiel A., Raes M., Robert H., Rose A., Sañé Schepisi E., Saucède T., Scheidat M., Schenke H.-W., Seiler J. & Smith C. 2011. Biodiversity change after climate-induced ice-shelf collapse in the Antarctic. Deep-Sea Research II 58: 74–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.05.024

Gutt J., Piepenburg D. & Segelken-Voigt A. 2013. Megabenthic distribution patterns. In: Gutt J. (ed.) The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” to the Antarctic in 2013 (ANT-XXIX/3). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 665: 25–29. hdl:10013/epic.41835. Available from https://epic.awi.de/33372/8/BzPM_0665_2013_ANT_XXIX_3.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Havermans H., Nagy Z.T., Sonet G., De Broyer C. & Martin P. 2011. DNA barcoding reveals new insights into the diversity of Antarctics pecies of Orchomene s. lat. (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Lysianassoidea). Deep-Sea Research II 58: 230–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.09.028

Havermans H. 2014. Chapter 10.6. Phylogeographic patterns of the Lysianassoidea (Crustacea: Peracarida: Amphipoda). In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 441–447. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.

Hedgpeth J.W. 1969. Introduction to Antarctic zoogeography. Distribution of selected groups of marine invertebrates in waters south of 35°S. In: Bushnell V.C. & Hedgpeth J.W. (eds) Antarctic Map Folio Series, Folio 11: 1–29. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.

Held C. & Wägele J.-W. 2005. Cryptic speciation in the giant Antarctic isopod Glyptonotus antarcticus (Isopoda: Valvifera: Chaetiliidae). Scientia Marina 69 (Supplement 1): 175–181. Available from http://www.icm.csic.es/scimar/index.php/secId/6/IdArt/117/ [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Hempel G. (ed.) 1985. Die Expedition ANTARKTIS III mit FS “Polarstern“ 1984/85. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 25: 1–222. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26202/1/BerPolarforsch198525.pdf [accessed 19 Oct. 2016].

Herbst J.F.W. 1791–1796. Versuch einer Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse nebst einer systematischen Beschreibung ihrer verschiedenen Arten. Volume 2. Gottlieb August Langs, Berlin und Stralsund. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.64679

Hibbert T. & Moore K. 2009. Field Identification Guide to Heard Island and McDonald Islands benthic invertebrates. A guide for scientific observers aboard fishing vessels. Australian Government, Australian Antarctic Division, Fisheries research and development Corporation, Kingston: 1–153. Available from https://www.ccamlr.org/en/system/files/HIMI%20benthic%20invertebrate%20field%20guide.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Hodgson T.V. 1907. On collecting in Antarctic seas. National Antarctic Expedition 1901–1904. Natural History 3: 1–10. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.18281

Hogg O.T., Huvenne V.A.I., Griffiths H.J., Dorschel B. & Linse K. 2016. Landscape mapping at sub-Antarctic South Georgia provides a protocol for underpinning large-scale marine protected areas. Scientific Reports 6: 33163. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33163

Holman H. & Watling L. 1983. A revision of the Stilipedidae (Amphipoda). Crustaceana 44 (1): 29–53. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854083x00037

Holmes S.J. 1904. The Amphipoda of Southern New England. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries 24: 459–529. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.33358

Holmes S.J. 1908. The Amphipoda collected by the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries Steamer “Albatross” off the west coast of North America, in 1903 and 1904, with the descriptions of a new family and several new genera and species. Proceedings of The United States National Museum 35: 489–543. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.35-1654.489

Hope G. 1851. Catalogo dei crostacei italiani e di molti altri del Mediterraneo. Stabilimento Tipografico di Fr. Azzolino, Napoli. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.3924

Hurley D.E. 1954. Studies on the New Zealand amphipodan fauna. No. 10. A new species of Cacao. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 82 (3): 803–811. Available from http://rsnz.natlib.govt.nz/volume/rsnz_82/rsnz_82_03_009160.pdf [accessed 11 Oct. 2016].

Hurley D.E. 1957. Some Amphipoda, Isopoda and Tanaidacea from Cook Strait. Zoology Publications from Victoria University College 21: 1–20. Available from nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/downloads/Vic21Zool.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

ICZN [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Fourth Edition adopted by the International Union of Biological Sciences. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, the Natural History Museum, London. Available from http://www.iczn.org/iczn/index.jsp [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Isla E., Teixidó Ullod N., López P., Martinez-Baraldés I. & Carrera L.H. 2013. Biodiversity and pelagic coupling. In: Gutt J. (ed.) The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” to the Antarctic in 2013 (ANT-XXIX/3). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 665: 29–40. hdl:10013/epic.41835. Available from https://epic.awi.de/33372/8/BzPM_0665_2013_ANT_XXIX_3.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Janussen D. 2012. Diversity of Weddell Sea Porifera and their role in the benthic communities. In: Knust R., Gerdes D. & Mintenbeck K. (eds) The expedition of the Research vessel “Polarstern” to the Antarctic in 2011 (Ant-XXVII/3) (CAMBIO). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 644: 25–29. hdl:10013/epic.39114. Available at http://epic.awi.de/30175/1/644-2012%20ANT27-3%20RKnust.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Janussen D. & Kersken D. 2013. Prosperity and limitation of sponge shelf fauna. In: Gutt J. (ed.) The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern” to the Antarctic in 2013 (ANT-XXIX/3). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 665: 41–45. hdl:10013/epic.41835. Available from https://epic.awi.de/33372/8/BzPM_0665_2013_ANT_XXIX_3.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Jones E.G., Tselepides A., Bagley P.M., Collins M.A. & Priede I.G. 2003. Bathymetric distribution of some benthic and benthopelagic species attracted to baited cameras and traps in the deep eastern Mediterranean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 251: 75–86. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps251075

Just J. 1990. Vicmusia duplocoxa, gen. et sp. nov., (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Gammaridea) of the new family Vicmusiidae from Australian upper bathyal waters. Invertebrate Taxonomy 3 (7): 925–940. https://doi.org/10.1071/IT9890925

Just J. 1995. Acanthonotozomopsis Watling & Holman, 1980, senior synonym of Vicmusia Just, 1990 (Crustacea : Amphipoda : Vicmusiidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 9 (5): 1005–1008. https://doi.org/10.1071/IT9951005

Karaman G.S. & Barnard J.L. 1979. Classificatory revisions in gammaridean Amphipoda (Crustacea), part I. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 92 (1): 106–165. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35513813 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Kattner G. (ed.) 1998. The expedition ANTARKTIS XIV/2 of RV “Polarstern” in 1996/97. Berichte zur Polarforschung 274: 1–87. hdl:10013/epic.10277 Available from http://epic.awi.de/26454/1/BerPolarforsch1998274.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Kersken D., Feldmeyer B. & Janussen D. 2016. Sponge communities of the Antarctic Peninsula: influence of environmental variables on species composition and richness. Polar Biology 39: 851–862. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1875-9

Kirkwood J.M. 1984. A guide to the Decapoda of the Southern Ocean. ANARE Research Notes 11: 1–47.

Klages M. 1988. Zur Zoogeographie und bathymetrischen Verteilung antarktischer Gammariden (Crustacea; Amphipoda) eines ausgewählten Gebiets des südöstlichen Weddellmeeres. MSc thesis, Fachbereich Biologie / Chemie der Universität Bremen im Studiengang Biologie, Bremen.

Klages M. 1991. Biologische und populations dynamische Untersuchungen an ausgewählten Gammariden (Crustacea: Amphipoda) des südöstlichen Weddellmeeres, Antarktis. PhD thesis, Universität Bremen, Bremen.

Klages M. & Gutt J. 1990. Comparative studies on the feeding behaviour of high Antarctic amphipods (Crustacea) in laboratory. Polar Biology 11 (1): 73–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00236524

Knust R., Gerdes D. & Mintenbeck K. (eds) 2012. The Expedition of the Research Vessel “Polarstern”to the Antarctic in 2011 (ANT-XXVII/3) (CAMBIO). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 644: 1–200. Available from http://epic.awi.de/30175/1/644-2012%20ANT27-3%20RKnust.pdf [accessed 19 Oct. 2016].

Koubbi P., De Broyer C., Griffiths H., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C., Van de Putte A., Danis B., Grant S., Gutt J., Held C., Hosie G., Huettmann, Post A., Ropert-Coudert Y., Stoddart M., Swadling K.M. & Wadley V. 2014. Chapter 12. Conclusions: present and future of Southern Ocean Biogeography. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, pp. 470–475. Available from http://share.biodiversity.aq/Atlas/example_BASO_web.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Krapp-Schickel T. & De Broyer C. 2014. Revision of Leucothoe (Amphipoda, Crustacea) from the Southern Ocean: a cosmopolitanism concept is vanishing. European Journal of taxonomy 80: 1–55. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2014.80

Kunkel W. 1918. The Arthrostraca of Connecticut. State of Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 26: 1–261. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.33358

Latreille P.A. 1816. Amphithoé. In: Biot J.-B., Bosc L.-A.-G., Chaptal J.-A., Desmarest A.-G., Dutour M., Huzard J.-B., Lamarck J.-B.-P.-A. de Monet de, Latreille P.-A., Lucas J.-A.-H., Olivier G.-A., Palisot de Beauvois A.-M.-F.-J., Parmentier A.-G., Patrin E.-M.-L., Richard L.-C., Sonini C.-S., Thouin A., Tollard C., Vieillot L.-P., Virey J.-J. & Yvart J.-A.-V. (eds) Nouveau dictionnaire d’histoire naturelle, appliquée aux arts, à l’agriculture, à l’économie rurale et domestique, à la médecine, etc. 2nd edition. Vol. 1: 470–471. Librairie Deterville, Imprimerie d’Abel Lanoë, Paris. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.20211

Leach W.E. 1814. Crustaceology. In: Brewster D. (ed.) The Edinburgh Encyclopædia. Volume VII: 383–437. Printed for William Blackhood and John Waugh, John Murray, J.M. Richardson and the other propietors, Edinburgh. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.30911

Lecointre G., Améziane N., Boisselier M.-C., Bonillo C., Busson F. et al. 2013. Is the Species Flock Concept Operational? The Antarctic Shelf Case. PLoS ONE 8 (8): e68787. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068787

Ledoyer M. 1986. Crustacés amphipodes gammariens. Familles des Haustoriidae à Vitzjazianidae. Faune de Madagascar 59 (2): 599–1112. Editions de l’Orstom.

Ledoyer M. 1993. Paramphithoidae. In: Ruffo S. (ed.) The Amphipoda of the Mediterranean. Part 3. Gammaridea (Melphidippidae to Talitridae). Mémoires de l’Institut océanographique, Monaco: 616–617.

Lilljeborg W. 1865. On the Lysianassa magellanica H. Milne Edwards and on the Crustacea of the suborder Amphipoda and subfamily Lysianassina found an [sic] the coast of Sweden and Norway. The Royal Academy Press, Uppsala. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6806

Lincoln R.J. 1979. British Marine Amphipoda: Gammaridea. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Linse K., Cope T., Lörz A.-N. & Sands C. 2007. Is the Scotia Sea a centre of Antarctic marine diversification? Some evidence of cryptic speciation in the circum-Antarctic bivalve Lissarca notorcadensis (Arcoidea: Philobryidae). Polar Biology 30 (8): 1059–1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-007-0265-3

Lockhart S.J. & Jones C.D. 2008. Biogeographic patterns of benthic invertebrate megafauna on shelf areas within the Southern Ocean Atlantic sector. CCAMLR Science 15: 167–192. Available from: https://swfsc.noaa.gov/publications/CR/2008/2008Lockhart.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Lockyer N. 1907. Antarctic animals. Nature 77 (1985): 33–36. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28538932 [accessed 13 Oct. 2016].

Lörz A.-N. 2003. Untersuchungen zur Biodiversität antarktischer bentischer Amphipoda (Malacostraca, Crustacea) — Studies on the biodiversity of Antarctic benthic Amphipoda (Malacostraca, Crustacea). Berichte zur Polar- and Meeresforschungen 452: i–iv, 1–148. hdl:10013/epic.10457. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26631/1/BerPolarforsch2003452.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Lörz A.-N. 2009. Synopsis from two recent Ross Sea voyages with description of a new species of Epimeria (Epimeriidae, Amphipoda, Crustacea). Zootaxa 2167: 59–68.

Lörz A.-N. 2012. First records of Epimeriidae and Iphimediidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) from Macquarie Ridge, with description of a new species and its juveniles. Zootaxa 3200: 49–60.

Lörz A.-N. & Brandt A. 2004. Phylogeny of Antarctic Epimeria (Epimeriidae: Amphipoda). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 84: 179–190. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002531540400904Xh

Lörz A.-N. & Coleman O. 2001. Epimeria reoproi n. sp., a new amphipod (Epimeriidae) from the Antarctic. Crustaceana 74(9): 991–1002. https://doi.org/10.1163/15685400152682728

Lörz A.-N. & Coleman O. 2003. Dikwa andresi, a new amphipod crustacean (Dikwidae) from the Scotia Arc. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83: 785–788. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002531540300780Xh

Lörz A.-N. & Coleman O. 2009. Living gems: jewel-like creatures from the deep. Water & Atmosphere 17 (1): 16­–17. Available from https://www.niwa.co.nz/sites/niwa.co.nz/files/import/attachments/gems.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Lörz A.-N. & Coleman O. 2014. Amazing new Amphipoda (Crustacea, Epimeriidae) from New Zealand’s deep-sea. Zootaxa 3838 (4): 423–434. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3838.4.2

Lörz A.-N. & Held C. 2004. A preliminary molecular and morphological phylogeny of the Antarctic Epimeriidae and Iphimediidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 4–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.019

Lörz A.-N., Maas E.W., Linse K. & Coleman C.O. 2009. Do circum-Antarctic species exist in peracarid Amphipoda? A case study in the genus Epimeria Costa, 1851 (Crustacea, Peracarida, Epimeriidae). Zookeys 18: 91–128. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.18.103

Lörz A.-N., Maas E.W., Linse K. & Fenwick G.D. 2007. Epimeria schiaparelli sp. nov., an amphipod crustacean (family Epimeriiidae) from from the Ross Sea, Antarctica, with molecular characterisation of the species complex. Zootaxa 1402: 23–37.

Lörz A.-N., Smith P., Linse K. & Steinke D. 2011. High genetic diversity within Epimeria georgiana (Amphipoda) from the southern Scotia Arc. Marine Biodiversity 42 (2): 137–159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-011-0098-8

Lowry J.K. & Myers A.A. 2013. A phylogeny and classification of the Senticaudata subord. nov. (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Zootaxa 3610 (1): 1–80. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3610.1.1

Lowry J.K. & Stoddart H.E. 2003. Crustacea: Malacostraca: Peracarida: Amphipoda, Cumacea, Mysidacea. In: Beesley P.L. & Houston W.W.K. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 19.2B: i–xii, 1–531. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

MacBean A. 1773. A dictionary of ancient geography, explaining the local appellations in sacred, Grecian, and Roman history; exhibiting the extent of kingdoms, and situations of cities, &c. And illustrating the allusions and epithets in the Greek and Roman poets. The whole established by proper authorities, and designed for the use of schools: i­–iv, 1­–628. Printed for G. Robinson, in Pater Noster-Row; and T. Cadell, in the Strand, London. Available from https://archive.org/details/adictionaryanci00johngoog [accessed on 13 Oct. 2016].

McCain J.C. 1971. A new deep-sea species of Epimeria (Amphipoda, Paramphithoidae) from Oregon. Crustaceana 20 (2): 159–166. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854069X00187

Miers E.J. 1877. List of the species of Crustacea collected by the rev. A.E. Eaton at Spitzbergen in the Summer of 1873, with their localities and notes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4 19: 131–140. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/26456758 [accessed 18 Oct. 2016].

Milne Edwards H. 1840. Histoire naturelle des crustacés comprenant l’anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux. Tome troisième: 1–638. Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.16170

Moore P.G. 1981. A functional interpretation of coxal morphology in Epimeria cornigera (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Paramphithoidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 61 (3): 749–757. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400048189

Nicholls G.E. 1938. Amphipoda Gammaridea. Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911–1914, Scientific Reports, Series C 2: 1–145 (+ Corrigendum).

Norman A.M. 1869. Shetland final dredging report. Part 11. On the Crustacea, Tunicata, Polyzoa, Echinodermata, Actinozoa, Hydrozoa, and Porifera. Report of the British Association for the advancement of science 38 (for 1868): 247–336. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29387922 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Nyssen F. 2005. Role of Benthic Amphipods in Antarctic Trophodynamics: a Multidisciplinary Study. PhD thesis, Université de Liège, Belgium. Available from www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/119897.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Olaso I., Rauschert M. & De Broyer C. 2000. Trophic ecology of the family Artetidraconidae (Pisces: Osteichtyes) and its impact on the eastern Weddell Sea benthic system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 194: 143–158. Available from http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/194/m194p143.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Otto A.W. 1823. Beschreibung einiger neuen Mollusken und Zoophyten. Nova acta physico-medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosum / Verhandlungen der Kaiserlichen Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Akademie der Naturforscher 11 (3): 273–314, pls 38–42. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37012711 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Pirlot J.M. 1934. Les amphipodes de l’expédition du Siboga. Deuxième partie. Les amphipodes gammarides II. — Les amphipodes de la mer profonde. 2. Hyperopsidae, Pardaliscidae, Astyridae nov. fam., Tironidae, Calliopiidae, Paramphithoidae, Amathillopsidae nov. fam., Eusiridae, Gammaridae, Aoridae, Photidae, Ampithoidae, Jassidae. Siboga-Expeditie, Uitkomsten op Zoologisch, Botanisch, Oceanographisch en Geologisch Gebied 33 (d): i–vii, 167–235.

Post A.L., Meijers A.J.S., Fraser A.D., Meiners K.M., Ayers J., Bindoff N.L., Griffiths H.J., Van de Putte A.P., O’Brien P.E., Swadling K.M. & Raymond B. 2014. Chapter 4. Environmental Setting. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 46–64. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.

Poupin J. & Juncker M. 2010. A guide to the decapod crustaceans of the South Pacific: 1–320. Published by CRISP and SPC, Noumea, New Caledonia. Available from www.crisponline.net [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Pyper W. 2010. Southern marine life in focus. Australian Antarctic Magazine 18: 1–4. Available from http://www.antarctica.gov.au/magazine/2006-2010/issue-18-2010 [accessed 1 Sep. 2017]

Rauschert M. & Arntz W.E. 2015. Antarctic Macrobenthos. A Field Guide of the Invertebrates Living at the Antarctic Seafloor: Arntz & Rauschert Selbstverlag, Deichweg.

Reibisch J. 1906. Faunistisch-biologische Untersuchungen über Amphipoden der Nordsee II. Teil. Meeresforschung im Kiel. Biologische Abteilung 6: 185–237, pls 8–9. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14671207 [accessed 14 Oct. 2016].

Ren X. & Huang L. 1991. Studies on Gammaridea and Caprellidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from the northwest waters off the Antarctic Peninsula. Studia Marina Sinica 32: 185–323.

Riedel A.L., Sagata K., Surbakti S., Tänzler R. & Balke M. 2013. One hundred and one new species of Trigonopterus weevils from New Guinea. Zookeys 280: 1–150. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.280.3906

Richardson M.G. 1977. The ecology (including physiological aspects) of selected Antarctic marine invertebrates associated with inshore macrophytes: 1–137. PhD thesis, University of Durham, UK.

Rodríguez E., López-González P.J., Gili. J.M. 2007. Biogeography of Antarctic sea anemones (Anthozoa, Actiniaria): what do they tell us about the origin of the Antarctic benthic fauna? Deep-Sea Research II 54: 1876–1904. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.07.013

Ross J.C. 1835. Account of the objects in the departments of natural history, seen and discovered during the present expedition. In: Ross J.C. Appendix to the narrative of a second voyage in search of a North-West passage and of a residence in the arctic regions during the years 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833: i–cxxvii. A.W. Webster, London. Available from: https://books.google.be/books?id=baM-AQAAMAAJ [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Ruffo S. 1949. Amphipodes (II). Résultats du Voyage de la Belgica en 1897–1899 sous le commandement de A. de Gerlache de Gomery: Rapports Scientifiques (1941–1949). Buschmann, Antwerp. Available from http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=63697 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Sars G.O. 1883. Oversigt af Norges crustaceer med foreløbige bemærkninger over de nye eller mindre bekjendte arter. I. (Podophthalmata — Cumacea — Isopoda — Amphipoda). Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania for 1882 (18): 1–124, pls 1–6. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43993705 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Sars G.O. 1886. Crustacea I. Den Norske Nordhavs-Expedition 1876–1878, volume 6, zoology: 1–280, pls 1–21, 1 map, 1–96. Grøndahl & søns Bogtrykkeri, Christiania. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.119038

Sars G.O. 1890–1895. An account of the Crustacea of Norway with short descriptions and figures of all the species. Vol. 1 Amphipoda: 1–711, pls 1–240, pls i–viii. Alb. Cammermeyers Forlag, Christiania & Copenhagen. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1164

Sars M. 1859. Oversigt over de i den norsk-arctiske region forekommende krebsdyr. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiana for 1858: 122–168.

Schellenberg A. 1926. Die Gammariden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901–1903. Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition, 1901-1903, im Auftrage des Reichsamtes des Innern, hrsg. von Erich von Drygalski 18 (Zool. 10): 235–414.

Schellenberg A. 1931. Gammariden und Caprelliden des Magellangebietes, Südgeorgiens und der Westantarktis. Further zoological results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901–1903 2 (6): 1–290, pl. 1.

Schellenberg A. 1939. Amphipoden des Kongo-Mundungsgebietes. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 32: 122–138.

Schnack-Schiel S. 1987. Die Winter-Expedition mit FS ”Polarstern“ in die Antarktis (ANT V/1–3). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschungen 39: 1–258. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26216/1/BerPolarforsch198739.pdf [accessed 19 Oct. 2016].

Serejo C.S. 2014. A new species of Stilipedidae (Amphipoda: Senticaudata) from the South Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Zootaxa 3852 (1): 133–140. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3852.1.6

Shoemaker C.R. 1964. Seven new amphipods from the west coast of North America with notes on some unusual species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 115 (3489): 391–429. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.115-3489.391

Shimomura M. & Tomikawa K. 2016. Epimeria abyssalis sp. n. from Kuril-Kamchatka Trench (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Epimeriidae). ZooKeys 638: 125–142. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.638.10329

Sieg J. & Wägele J.W. 1990. Fauna der Antarktis. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin und Hamburg.

Smith J.A., Hillenbrand C.-D., Pudsey C.J., Allen C.S. & Graham A.G.C. 2010. The presence of polynyas in the Weddell Sea during the Last Glacial Period with implications for the reconstruction of sea-ice limits and ice sheet history. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 296 (3–4): 287–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2010.05.008

Spence Bate C.S. 1857. A synopsis of the British Edriophthalmous Crustacea. Part I. Amphipoda. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 2 19 (110): 135–152. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2256035 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Spence Bate C.S. 1862. Catalogue of the specimens of amphipodous Crustacea in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History), London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.20901

Spence Bate C.S. & Westwood J.O. 1861–1862. A History of British sessile-eyed Crustacea. Volume 1. John Van Voorst, London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.10117

Stebbing T.R.R. 1883. The “Challenger” Amphipoda. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 5 11 (63): 203–207. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29222121 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Stebbing T.R.R. 1888. Report on the Amphipoda collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology 29. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6513 [text only: plates missing]. Plates available from http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-67/htm/doc.html [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Stebbing T.R.R. 1895. A passage-at-arms over the Amphipoda. Natural science : a monthly review of scientific progress 6 (38): 259–268. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11565175 [accessed 17 Oct. 2016].

Stebbing T.R.R. 1906. Amphipoda. I. Gammaridea. Das Tierreich 21: 1–806. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1224

Stebbing T.R.R. 1908. On two new species of northern Amphipoda. The Journal of the Linnean Society 30 (198): 191–196, pls 27–28. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31567523 [accessed on 13 Oct. 2016].

Stephensen K. 1928. Storkrebs II. Ringkrebs. Danmarks Fauna 32: 1–399. G.E.C. Gads Forlag, København. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36035319 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Stephensen K. 1929. Amphipoda. Die Tierwelt der Nord-und Ostsee 10: 1–188. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig.

Stephensen K. 1947. Tanaidacea, Isopoda, Amphipoda and Pycnogonida. Scientific Results of the Norwegian Antarctic Expeditions 1927–1928 et sqq. 2 (27): 1–90.

Strugnell J.M., Watts P.C., Smith P.J. & Allcock A.L. 2012. Persistent genetic signatures of historic climatic events in an Antarctic octopus. Molecular Ecology 21: 2775–2787. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05572.x

Swainson W. & Richardson J. 1832. Fauna boreali-americana. Part second, containing the birds. John Murray, London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.63874

Thatje S., Hillenbrand C.-D. & Larter R. 2005. On the origin of Antarctic marine benthic community structure. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20 (10): 534–540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.07.010

Thatje S., Hillebrand C.-D., Mackensen A. & Larter R. 2008. Life hung by a thread: endurance of Antarctic fauna in glacial periods. Ecology 89 (3): 682–692. https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0498.1

Thurston M.H. 1972. The Crustacea Amphipoda of Signy Island, South Orkney Islands. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports 71: 1–133. Available from: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/50921/1/The%20crustacea%20amphipoda%20of%20Signy%20Island,%20South%20Orkney%20Islands%20-%20BAS%20Scientific%20Report%2071.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016]

Tizard T.H., Moseley H.N., Buchanan J.Y. & Murray J. 1885. The voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger. Narrative—Vol. I. Second part. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Narrative 1 (2). https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6513

Tomikawa K. & Komatsu H. 2009. New and rare species of the deep-sea Gammaridea (Crustacea: Amphipoda) off Pacific coast of northern Honshu, Japan. In: Fujita T. (ed.) Deep-sea Fauna and Pollutants of Pacific Coast of Northern Japan. National Museum of Nature and Science Monographs 39: 447–466. Available from https://www.kahaku.go.jp/research/researcher/papers/18724.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Trathan P.N., Collins M.A., Grant S.M., Belchier M., Barnes D.K.A., Brown J. & Staniland I.J. 2014. The South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands MPA: protecting a biodiverse oceanic island chain situated in the flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Advances in Marine Biology 69: 15–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800214-8.00002-5

Vargas S., Kelly M., Schnabel K., Mills S., Bowden D. & Wörheide G. 2015. diversity in a cold Hot-Spot: DNA-barcoding reveals patterns of evolution among Antarctic desmosponges (class Desmospongiae, phylum Porifera. PLoS ONE 10 (6): e0127573. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127573, supplement S2. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127573.s002

Verheye M. 2011. Systématique et diversité génétique des Eusirus de l‘Océan Austral (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Eusiridae). Mémoire présenté en vue de l‘obtention du diplôme de Master en Biologie des Organismes et Ecologie: 1–127, i–xxxvii. Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve.

Verheye M., Backeljau T. & d’Udekem d’Acoz C. 2016a. Looking beneath the tip of the iceberg: diversification of the genus Epimeria on the Antarctic shelf (Crustacea, Amphipoda). In: Gutt J., David B. & Isla E. (eds) High environmental variability and steep biological gradients in the waters off the northern Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Biology 39 (5): 925–945, online supplementary material https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-016-1910-5

Verheye M., Martin P., Backeljau T. & d’Udekem d’Acoz C. 2016b. DNA sequence data suggests abundant homoplasy in taxonomically important morphological characters of Eusiroidea (Crustacea, Amphipoda). Zoologica Scripta 45 (3): 300–321, supplements S1–S3. https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12153

Verheye M., Backeljau T. & d’Udekem d’Acoz C. 2017. Locked in the Icehouse: evolution of an endemic Epimeria (Amphipoda, Crustacea) species flock on the Antarctic shelf. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 114: 14–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.05.013

Voß J. 1988. Zoogeographie und Gemeinschaftsanalyse des Makrozoobenthos des Weddellmeeres (Antarktis). Berichte zur Polarforschung 45: 1–145. hdl:10013/epic.10045. Available from http://epic.awi.de/26222/1/BerPolarforsch198845.pdf [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Wakabara Y. & Serejo C.S. 1999. Amathillopsidae and Epimeriidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) from bathyal depths off the Brazilian coast. Zoosystema 21 (4): 625–645.

Walker A.O. 1903. Amphipoda of the “Southern Cross” Antarctic Expedition. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 29: 38–64, pls 7–11. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31597966 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Walker A.O. 1906. Preliminary descriptions of new species of Amphipoda from the ‘Discovery’ Antarctic Expedition, 1902–1904. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7 18: 13–18. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/19366255 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Walker A.O. 1907. Crustacea. III. Amphipoda. National Antarctic Expedition 1901–1904. Natural History 3. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.18281

Walker A.O. 1909. Amphipoda Gammaridea from the Indian Ocean, British East Africa, and the Red Sea. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Series 2, Zoology 12: 323–344, pls 42–43. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/26710778 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Watling L. 1981. Amphipods from the Northwestern Atlantic: the genera Jerbarnia, Epimeria, and Harpinia. Sarsia 66 (3): 203–211.

Watling L. & Holman H. 1980. New amphipoda from the Southern Ocean, with partial revisions of the Acanthonotozomatidae and Paramphithoidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34599492 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Watling L. & Holman H. 1981. Additional acanthonotozomatid, paramphitoid and stegocephalid Amphipoda from the Southern Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94 (1): 181–227. Available from http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34608032 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Watling L. & Thurston M.H. 1989. Antarctica as an evolutionary incubator: evidence from cladistic biogeography of the family Iphimediidae. In: Crame J.A. (ed.) Origin and evolution of the Antarctic Biota. Geological Society Special Publication 47: 297–313. https://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.047.01.22

White A. 1847. List of the specimens of Crustacea in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum, printed by order of the trustees [by E. Newman], London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1708

White A. 1850a. Description of two species of Crustacea in the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 18: 95–97, pl. 16. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12858795 [accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

White A. 1850b. List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part IV. Crustacea. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1582

White A. 1857. A popular history of British Crustacea; comprising a familiar account of their classification and habits. Lovell Reeve, London. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.14410

Zeidler W. & De Broyer C. 2014. Chapter 6.8. Amphipoda Hyperiidea. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., d’Udekem d’Acoz C. et al. (eds) Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean: 303–308. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/